Prevention

Prevention

Adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating healthy, exercising, and having the necessary screening tests are the key factors to prevent the occurrence of cancer and to detect it as early as possible. Never ignore the recommended screening tests for a given age.


Have the recommended cancer screenings

The major benefit of having recommended screening tests is so that the presence of cancer can be detected early, thus being able to begin treatment as early as possible. Some screening tests aim to prevent the occurrence of cancer initially rather than treating it later.

Colon Cancer Screening Test

This test is for purpose of detecting precancerous tissues in the colon, which are called polyps, thus preventing the development of colon cancer later. The recommended age to start having colon screening tests is 50, but you have to consult your doctor about your medical history, family history, and other factors which may increase the chances of developing colon cancer, and your doctor will recommend these tests earlier than age 50 if necessary.

Breast Cancer Screening Test

Recent recommendations regarding breast cancer screening tests are:

  • Every woman over the age of 40 should have a mammogram and full breast physical examinations by specialized doctor yearly.
  • Every woman between ages of 20 and 39 should have at least one full breast examination every three years.

Cervical Cancer Screening Test

It’s recommended that women have the first cervical Pap test no later than three years after the first sexual activity and no later than the age of 21. Women under the age of 30 must have the Pap test at least once yearly.


Adopt a healthy lifestyle

Stop Smoking

Smoking is the cause of 1 in 5 deaths in the US according to recent studies of the Center of Disease Control and Prevention. In fact, smoking is related to more than twenty types of cancer. Smoking can cause other disease, such as heart disease, stroke, and emphysema.

Do Exercise Regularly

Regular physical activity is associated with low risk of different types of cancer, especially prostate, breast, and colon cancers. Regular exercise also reduces the risk of serious heart diseases, diabetes, hypertension, and stroke. Everyone should exercise moderately at least 150 minutes per week, or 30 minutes a day, 5 times per week such as brisk walking, or 75 minutes of heavy exercise per week such as running.

Adopt a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet consists of at least two and half cups of vegetables and fruits daily. Eat more whole grain breads, brown rice instead of white rice, green foods, nuts, essential fatty acids like omega-3, avocado, and pure cold pressed olive oil. In addition to benefits in reducing weight due to low calories, fruits and green vegetables are strong agents to fight against cancer.

Try to avoid sodas, caffeine, excess amounts of sugar, fatty foods, such as fast food, hot dogs, sausage, and bacon. Avoid processed meats as they are strongly related to colon and prostate cancers. In addition, these foods are high in calories, thus leading to obesity.

Control Your Weight

There is a strong relation between obesity and different types of cancers, such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, colon cancer, esophageal cancer, and kidney cancer. You can control your weight by regular exercise and a healthy diet. Being overweight increases the risk of cancer. Try to control your weight and consult your doctor for proper diet advice to reduce your weight.

Avoid alcohol consumption as much as possible

Avoid drinking alcohol in excessive amounts; two drinks daily maximum and not more than 10 cups weekly. Alcohol is related to different types of cancer especially liver cancer. It’s better to avoid alcohol in general, but if you are a heavy drinker, try to reduce your alcohol consumption to a maximum of two drinks daily.