Adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating healthy, avoiding smoking, limiting your alcohol intake, being physically active, and having all necessary screening tests are the keys to prevent the occurrence of cancer and to detect it as early as possible.
The major benefit of having the recommended screening tests is that the presence of cancer can be detected early, thus treating it easily. Some screening tests aim to prevent the occurrence of cancer in the first place rather than treating it after.
The aim is to detect precancerous tissues in the colon, which are called polyps, thus preventing the development of colon cancer later. The recommended age to start having these tests is 50, but you need to consult your doctor about your medical history, family history, and other factors which may increase your chances of having colon cancer at an earlier age.
Recent recommendations regarding breast cancer are:
It’s recommended to have the first cervical Pap test no later than 3 years after the first sexual activity and no later than the age of 21. Any woman under the age of 30 must have a Pap test at least once a year.
There are strong associations between different types of cancer and being obese; for instance, breast cancer, uterine cancer, colon cancer, esophageal cancer, and kidney cancer. You can control your weight via regular exercising and healthy eating.
Regular physical activity is associated with low risk of different types of cancer, especially prostate cancer, breast cancer, and colon cancer. In addition, regular exercising reduces the risk of serious heart diseases, diabetes, hypertension, and stroke. It’s recommended to get at least 30 minutes of regular, moderate exercise daily.
It’s recommended to have at least 5 cups of fruits and vegetables daily. In addition to its benefits in reducing weight due to the low calories content, fruits and green vegetables are strong fighting agents against cancer.
Recent studies have shown that tobacco smoking is related to more than 30% of cancer deaths in the USA. In fact, smoking is one of the well-established risk factors of more than 15 different types of cancers.
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