TREATMENTS

TREATMENTS

Cancer is a disease identified by abnormal growth of cells resulting in creating tumors. Cancer can occur in different parts and organs of body, thus there are various types of cancer. When cancer is diagnosed in the early stage, there is a good possibility for recovery. Cancer can be treated based on the type and severity of cancer. Treatment methods include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, etc. Depending on the type and severity of the cancer, one or combinations of treatment options may be used.

Cancer medications are given based on the type and the stage of cancer. Different stages refer to different magnitudes of the attack on the body and how widely the cancer has spread, or if it is still at its original location.


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Surgery

When cancer has not spread to other body parts, surgery is the most preferred treatment option. Surgery is mostly used in cases of breast, skin, colon, and lung cancers. If cancer has already spread to the lymph nodes, the affected lymph nodes may be removed.

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Radiotherapy

Radiation treatment is a treatment method in which cancerous cells are destroyed by being exposed to high-energy gamma-rays. Radium or x-rays emit high-energy rays. Radiation also weakens the immune system over the long term.

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Chemotherapy

Through chemotherapy, cancer cells are destroyed by chemicals or clinical drugs which damage the proteins or DNA of the cancer cells and this stops the unusual cell division. Chemotherapy targets cancers cells as well as non-cancerous cells. Cancerous cells usually cannot recover from chemotherapy.

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Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a way to boost the immune system so that the body can fight cancer naturally. In immunotherapy, agents such as the protein interferon alpha are injected into the affected area resulting in the shrinkage of the tumor.

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Hormone Therapy

Some cancers such as prostate and breast cancers are linked to an imbalance of hormones. In hormone therapy, hormone production is altered resulting in the stoppage of unusual cell division or killing the cancerous cells.

Radiation and chemotherapy may be used in the event that surgery does not work effectively. These two methods specifically work best for lymphoma. When undergoing chemotherapy, it is important to note that the process weakens one's immune system, so proper diet and eating well is a wise idea. Also, it is advisable to stay away from people with highly contagious ailments such as colds and flu. Plenty of rest is equally important.