This is the terminal part of gut with the most sensitive responsibility of letting
excreta out. Most of the toxic chemicals, urea, uric acid, Nitrogen and some
irritation which in turn leads to sort of cell deviations, mass formations, cysts,
fistulas and varicosities, etc. Anal cancer by nature looks similar to rectal cancer or colorectal cancer.
However, the differences are in causes, risk factors, clinical progression,
grading and treatments.
Majority of the anal cancer patients are in the age of 60 years plus, and 60% of them are women. People who practice anal intercourse, sexual malpractices and substance abuse are at risk as well. According to the cytological details (cell details) of anal cancer, it is made typically of a squamous cell carcinoma. However other uncommon types of anal cancers are carcinoma including adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, melanoma and sarcoma.
Causes can be the potential factors or can be actual factors, but the sexual behaviors, diet and lifestyle have been directly related to the diagnosis of anal cancer. Some of the common factors are explained as follows:
Be cautious about various portals of HPV infection; be safe when having sex with a stranger, strictly NO to multi sexual partners and absolute abstinence from smoking. In case of anal cancer, your doctor may opt for resection of small tumor and some surrounding tissue along with abdomino-perineal resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.