Gyneocological Cancer

Gyneocological Cancer


The subject of gynecology needs a lot of attention and focus as it is most crucial for a child and mother to have a healthy motherhood and postnatal period. Gynecological cancers are of wide variety with diverse symptoms and causes. These cancers are the group of different malignancies of the female reproductive system in or out of the reproductive age group.

There are two different sets of gynecological malignancies; one may be purely related to perinatal, and the other one is non-perinatal. Perinatal cancers occur within the reproductive age, and non-perinatal cancers occur later at the age of 50 and over.

There are numerous types of gynecological cancers, but the most common are cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, and endometrial (uterus) cancer. The rarest malignancies are cancer of the vagina, cancer of the vulva, and cancer of the fallopian tubes. Skin cancers or sarcomas might even originate within the female genitalia. Most gynecological cancers are found in women aged 50 plus.

Common types of gynecological cancers

Some of the common gynecological cancers are cervical cancers, endometrial cancer (uterus), fallopian tube cancer, gestational trophoblastic cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, vulva cancer, and uterine sarcoma.

Different types of cancers are prevented by different strategies. Be sure to visit your doctor regularly to undergo a Pap Smear test, which is an examination of a cervical sample for carcinogenic activity. Try to stop smoking if you are a woman because smoking doubles the risk of gynecological cancers.

What are the causes and risk factors of gynecological cancers?

  • HPV or human papilloma virus: this is especially true for cervical cancers, most often occurring in multi sexual contacts.

  • HIV infection: immune system damage due to AIDS can be very dangerous and lead to quick tumor activity.

  • Pre mature sexual activity: intercourse before maturity can lead to cell changes in the genital tract.

  • Chlamydial infection: bacteria that infect female genitalia.

  • Dietary factors: low fiber and high lipid diets could be risky. Women who are obese have double the risk compared to those women of normal weight.

  • Smoking and alcoholic usage during pregnancy.

  • Illicit use of birth control pills: The prolonged and unsupervised use of birth control pills can cause carcinoma in situ and endometrium.

  • Elderly Primi and pregnancy before the age of 18..

  • Use of DES (diethylstilbestrol); a drug to treat miscarriage.

  • Family history of gynecological cancers.

  • Individuals who start menstruating at or before the age of 12 years are at high risk for endometrial cancers. Other contributing factors are Irregular menstruation or ovulation, obesity, infertility, ovarian cysts, and diabetes mellitus.

Common Symptoms of gynecological cancers

There are wide ranges of symptoms of gynecologic cancer such as:

  1. Pelvic pain and frequent bleeding,

  2. Frequent vaginal or endometrial infections,

  3. Vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse,

  4. Persistent abdominal swelling,

  5. Unintended weight gain or loss,

  6. Persistent bowel changes, like diarrhea or constipation.