Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer

kidney-cancer

Our kidney is the most vital among all organs in our body, as the saying goes renal house is a purification factory meant to safeguard us. Kidney and renal system as a whole has got a potential to form a renal stone, cyst, renal failure, UTI, etc. Technically speaking Wilm`s tumor is known as kidney/renal cancer. Kidney cancer is not a battle that covers entire kidney but it originates in two principal foci of kidney, which are renal tubule, and renal pelvis.

Majority of cancers in the renal tubule are renal-cell carcinoma and clear-cell adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type, but in addition, here is a list of other kidney/renal cancers: Juxtaglomerular cell tumor, Angiomyolipoma, renal oncocytoma, bellini duct carcinoma, clear-cell sarcoma of the kidney, Mesoblastic nephroma, and Wilms' tumor in children.


“I have kidney cancer. What now?”

Once your doctor told you have a mass of cancer cells in your kidney, it’s definitely going to be whirling and you feel disgusting and your whole family is disturbed, but you are not alone because more than 50,000 individuals are diagnosed with kidney cancer in USA every year, and more over, more than 200,000 are survivors in the US alone. In recent years, there have been major advancements when it comes to diagnosis, surgical procedure, and different treatment options for kidney cancer.


Who's at highest risk for kidney carcinoma?

People with age over 40 years old or more can be at higher risk. According to the research, the risk is higher if you are a chronic smoker, as cigarette smoking doubles the risk of getting kidney cancer compare to the non-smokers. If you are obese, understand the relation between high blood pressure case with renal complaints, frequent renal or urinary infections, and renal failure with prolonged hemodialysis history. Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is where an abnormal VHL gene will put one under risk. Other factors that may increase the chance of kidney cancer is occupation. Usually chance of getting kidney cancer is slightly more in men compare to women.


How can one suspect oof renal cancer?

  1. Blood in the urine; technically called hematuria with reddish urination which can be a dangerous sign,

  2. A severe pain on the affected side that comes on and off,

  3. An abdominal mass,

  4. Sudden weight loss,

  5. Lose of RBC, and increase of WBC; coincided infections can be harmful,

  6. Fever with chills and fatigue, poor general health and wellbeing could be a sign,

  7. But do get confuse the UTI or general urinary problem with a tumor. Confirming a tumor, one needs to have at least some set of signs and strong evidences.

What will your doctor do when visiting a nephro clinic?

You might need to give some Urine tests for abnormal urine with bloody discharge, Blood tests to find your creatinine levels, and Intravenous pyelogram (IVP ) to identify any problems with tubules and blood vessels, CT scan or CAT scan to identify mass. Biopsy will help cell type identification.

Your doctor takes decision regarding the treatment depending upon whether it is localized or it has spread around. Some times combination of radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery is recommended if it has already spread. Adjuvant therapy will help to improve survival in kidney cancer.

Some common suggestions regarding kidney cancer

  1. Having plenty of water is good to prevent infections to avoid complication of cancer.

  2. Yearly undergoing renal function test and serum creatinine is a good idea.

  3. If you feel a mass in the abdomen, see your physician as early as possible.